Accounting Glossary

What Is A Trial Balance In Accounting?


Trial balances are used to prepare balance sheets and other financial statements and are an important document for auditors. A trial balance is done to check that the debit and credit column totals of the general ledger accounts match each other, which helps spot any accounting errors.

If the totals don’t match, a missing debit or credit entry, or an error in copying over from the general ledger account may be the cause. But there could still be mistakes or errors in the accounting system even if the amounts do match. A bookkeeper or accountant uses a trial balance to double-check things are correct.

An initial trial balance report is called an unadjusted trial balance. After adjustments have been made to correct any errors, it’s called an adjusted trial balance and is used to prepare other financial statements.

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